Loop effect

Generative causality is made possible by amplification through loop effects.


  1. In mutual or reciprocal causality: self-amplifying loops as a nonlinear phenomenon, based on the operation of direct effects, which may be linear themselves 
  2. In emergent causality with emergent, nonlinear increase of cumulative effects over time. The process of amplification takes place in time without being dependent on time itself as a variable!
  3. It can be based on a cycle from each entity to itself, a so-called “cyclic-helical unity ” (Valsiner, 1998)
  4. In the end a spiral development of both entities involved in the interaction arises, exerting shaping generative forces on each other.